foundation engineering

Foundation engineering- An overview

What is Foundation Engineering? Foundation engineering is a sub-discipline of civil engineering that focuses on the design , analysis and construction of foundations for buildings and other structures that support structures and transfer their loads to the underlying soil or rock. It combines principles of soil mechanics, rock mechanics, geotechnical engineering, and structural engineering. A…

dynamic cone penetration test

Dynamic Cone Penetration test : Soil investigation tool

The dynamic cone penetration test is one of several in-situ soil testing methods available to geotechnical engineers. Other methods include the Standard Penetration Test (SPT), Cone Penetration Test (CPT), and Flat Dilatometer Test (DMT). Each method has its advantages and limitations, and the choice of test depends on factors such as soil type, project requirements,…

footings and foundations

How Footing and Foundations are different and their 4 design considerations

Footings and foundations are critical components of any building or structure. They serve as the base upon which the entire structure rests, providing stability, support, and a means of transferring loads from the structure to the underlying soil. Properly designed and constructed footings and foundations are essential for ensuring the longevity, safety, and stability of…

pier foundation

When is a Pier Foundation Recommended? Pros vs Cons

A pier foundation, also known as a post foundation or column foundation, is a type of deep foundation commonly used in construction projects. It consists of a series of vertical structural elements, typically made of reinforced concrete or steel, that are driven deep into the ground to transfer the load of a structure to a…

deep foundation pile

The Key to Design Stable Deep Foundation pile Systems

Serving as robust structural supports worldwide, deep foundation pile systems allow transferring of superstructure loads through weak or unstable soils to reach stronger strata dozens of meters underground. From skyscrapers to offshore platforms, many ambitious building projects rely on piles extending deep into the earth. Engineers choose among numerous pile types and installation techniques like…

proctor test

How to do Compaction Proctor Test in Laboratory – 7 Steps

The Proctor test, also known as Proctor compaction test, is a long-established method for determining the optimum moisture content and maximum dry density of soils. This vital information allows assessment of a soil’s suitability for construction projects and helps establish the specifications needed to achieve the required strength and stability through engineered fill placement and…